He was taken away, when he was five years old. He remembered his mother melted down to a tiny line where she stands, far away with her right arm outstretched, still waving, a little wave with her small hand.
He was taken to Tripolitania shortly after this region was captured by Italy in the Italo-Turkish War.
The Italian famous equestrian Federico Caprilli examined horses free jumping (without tack or rider), using photographs to document their shape over fences, and found that they always landed on their forelegs. He then developed his theory on the position the rider should take while over a fence: one that would not interfere with the horse’s jumping movement and most importantly one that would not touch the horse’s mouth.
The Italian Cavalry School was absolutely cutting edge, their style revolutionized military cavalry riding around the world.
In the first decades of the 20th century the Italian Cavalry School at Tor di Quinto near Rome was – along with the French Cavalry School at Saumur – the leading institution for horsemanship in the world. Tor di Quinto was probably the foremost academy for advanced cross country riding.
The old jumping seat involved the rider using long stirrups, keeping his legs pushed out in front of him, and his body leaning back, pulling the reins, as the horse took the fence.
This position had serious problems, first and foremost because the horse was uncomfortable being hit in the mouth over every obstacle. The position also kept the rider’s weight directly on the back of the horse, and pushed the rider behind the motion, sending his center of gravity behind the horse’s
Caprilli also wanted to train a horse that could think for itself, without needing the rider’s guidance, and did not like “spot” jumping, where the rider tried to add in or lengthen the stride of the horse before the fence.
The first time the young officers rode that way in front of senior officers they were punished for showing their buttocks to the ladies in attendance. They continued though, and shattered every record up to that point, and were also very successful in teaching masses of soldiers how to ride well in short period of times.
Before, the dominant cavalry style was to ride erect, in a martial and rigid posture that negated all fluidity to the horse. Italian Cavalry School completely shaped their style around the horse, their leading officer studied how horses jumped without a rider and adapted to it, rather than the opposite.